WHEN IT IS MODIFIED
Anytime a crane is modified, a qualified person must inspect the modification.
WHEN IT IS REPAIRED OR ADJUSTED
Anytime a crane has had a repair to a component that relates to safe operation, it must be inspected by a qualified person prior to initial use.
AFTER IT HAS BEEN ASSEMBLED
After assembly is completed, the crane must be inspected by a qualified person. Tower cranes must also have a pre-assembly inspection
DURING A SHIFT
OSHA no longer requires a daily inspection; instead, shift inspections must be performed by a competent person. Documentation is not required for this inspection.
The monthly inspection is simply a documented shift inspection done by a competent person. The employer is responsible for maintaining the last three monthly inspections, and they must be made available to an inspector.
This inspection must be performed by a qualified person and must be documented. Disassembly is required, as necessary, to complete the inspection. In addition, a functional test must be performed. Any deficiencies must be assessed to determine if they represent safety concerns. If so, the crane must be taken out of service until repairs are made.
Author: Tim Hillegonds, Thrive Creative Services
Source: ACT Magazine, August 2013 Issue